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[消息] 2011年4月6日NAVIGATOR文字(中文)

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发表于 2011-4-8 10:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 edelweissyan 于 2011-4-8 22:48 编辑 & ~$ z& q0 q- q  v" Y2 d
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感谢aeah带来的英文翻译
NAV Y7 T88 - Award-winning Program: 6 April 11
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Research”, salt farm, Hardlane coastline…the inner Gulf
勺嘴鹬研究”,盐场, Hardlane 海岸线。。。内湾
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Arrived at KokKharm salt farm, Muang district, Samutsakorn province by his new Yamaha bike
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Today’s trip is about following the research team from Marine and Coastal Resources Research Centre. The task is to collect some soil samples in the target birds feeding area in order to identify its preys
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Started with girls in the team went into the field collecting planktons, followed by men measuring water, soil ph, saltiness, temperature, etc
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And Navigator can’t resist joining this activity
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The collecting areas are determined from some Eunicidae/Polychaete found on the surface, soil are cleaned before collecting
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They also collect seagrasses which house some Amphipods
We are heading back to the centre…
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In this plate we have a group of organisms collected earlier from where spoon-billed came for its preys. In the mud coastline area we found groups of Polychaete, which are kept in these bottles. But in salt farms we found some Amphipods
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This pink bottle consists of proteins that turned into this color using mango rose chemical substance, whereas the normal color bottle consists of dirt that has shown no reaction from the chemical we’ve used
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The environment here is still in good condition for shorebirds and it should continue as long as the forest and mangrove lands are well kept. The responsible areas of this research centre are from Petchburi coastline through to Cholburi’s and for all aspects which regards to coastline’s environment and ecology
Moving on to BaanPakTalay, PakTalay subdistrict, BaanLaem district, Petchburi province
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Sawasdee krub, today Navigator is presenting spoon-billed sandpiper research team on their routines. The spoon-billed is a rare find and is at risk of becoming extinct…
 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 10:22 | 显示全部楼层
NAV Y7 T88 - Award-winning Program: 6 April 11$ o( N: ^$ j& @# R& G
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“Spoon-billed Sandpiper Research”, salt farm, Hardlane coastline…the inner Gulf( ]0 v& k, ?6 ]7 T: L2 a3 ^; |

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9 S1 i( V0 i: E: a4 ^We’re in large piece of salt farms, salt farming is one of Thai ingenuity and here is where we’ll find spoon-bills+ d# d, ]( L/ T, {
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It’s now 6 am, when we’re doing bird story we became a morning person. Have some Birdy before starting a day
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( h' o0 F% z" e7 m( qNavigator has been sitting and waiting for sppon-billed for half a day already, let’s make a move to explore nearby area. When we are at sea or seashore, we can feel a strong wind…
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We’re visiting BaanDonPinDad village, BangKunsai subdistrict, BaanLaem district, Petchburi province to learn how they make use of wind as source of energy for windmill under the “84 Sub-districts On A Sufficient Path” project of Petroleum Authority of Thailand( F! N8 [$ F1 E  s6 [
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# l) k3 P2 h; p* ~  JWindmill project bring so much benefits to the community2 r) i$ B6 J0 Y+ `2 l
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This windmill pumps water to feed people on the highland especially during the drought, this helps them to keep up with their farm works and earning
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8 W: t6 ~* m) R9 _2 ?: BThe windmill initiation helps people to save not only their cost of gasoline, electricity but also natural resource as it operates in a green way  D9 _& _. E3 a9 U6 `, f
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/ b9 O0 ?- ~; v; CThank you krub for showing a good thing, hope to visit here again and to see more use of windmill, perhaps hundreds of them
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 10:23 | 显示全部楼层
NAV Y7 T88 - Award-winning Program: 6 April 11
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- c" {( ?; v5 s2 F9 ~$ v9 T$ l7 q8 T“Spoon-billed Sandpiper Research”, salt farm, Hardlane coastline…the inner Gulf$ J' s# v7 m' x9 l- A

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Back to PakTalay salt farm for spoon-billed sandpiper at BaanChaiLane – the country’s (perhaps the world’s) famous birdwatching spot. We are here to continue waiting for these spoon-billed. I/ Tik have birdwatching guide with me3 T' R2 a. U" k  K: L3 i- U
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Bird number 307, page 152-153 is Spoon-billed sandpiper
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& E0 y7 z8 C0 PSpoon-billed Sandpiper looks like Red-necked Stint esp in a side view but it has a distinct spatulate bill just like spoon. Breeding habitat are salt farm, shrimp farm, sea coast and adjacent land. It is among the world’s most endangered birds wintering here at BaanLaem district, Petchburi province, inner Gulf of Thailand krub, x7 |' ~4 z( F2 [5 |+ K

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0 B+ y: \" U1 F6 f/ V5 T$ x6 Q6 JFinding Spoonbilled is very difficult, the team use telescope to help finding
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- m: k4 g; Q* K& n! h" t" aNavigator follows the research team to the working field
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10.45 am at PakTalay with Pe Dang, he’s a guide working in the research project. Last time I went birdwatching with him and visited his house, he is a guru for birdwatchers. He started birdwatching 5 years ago, and keep birdwatching and studying about birds seriously for four" `$ {; u: h  q3 J5 b; Q2 ^
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 10:25 | 显示全部楼层
NAV Y7 T88 - Award-winning Program: 6 April 11( G/ l" f/ E4 x, m

4 t. @* y/ I! x1 `9 f3 x4 r“Spoon-billed Sandpiper Research”, salt farm, Hardlane coastline…the inner Gulf9 r% Y2 |9 Y7 J, k! J9 U/ A% a6 A5 a

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Pe Dang: this year I started my birdwatching since January, yesterday I found 5 spoonbilled sandpipers. In this area the most found is 8, but I don’t know may be there’re more than 8 spoonbilled around, I only focus on studying its behavior – one at a time
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High and low tides have something to do with the birds as spoonbilled come into the mud coastline at low tide and leave when high tide, but not all of them from his observation( n" ^6 K# r2 l; M+ Z4 K
I see 2 spoonbilled over there, there’s a chance that they will come closer
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( R4 O1 S5 W% ]) h5 H. PWe’ve got some photos of spoonbilled but we still waiting for more, now is 8.55, a cloudy sky morning. M: T6 i- y) [* T
There are no more than 400 spoonbilled sandpipers remaining in the world and their population is declining significantly heading towards extinction. The rapid decline of the species resulted from human invasion. Last year there was one spoonbilled remains in the area till now, so it is possible that here will become their habitat so we need to find out more how to save them otherwise it might become extinct within 2-3 years' D3 \; a8 x, F. [/ L/ w% R
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At this time of year – March is their breeding season and when these birds migrate northward to their breeding area, we can notice its features now are red-brown and not a pale brownish-grey as before 4 k. j/ \: [6 H
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After March each year we see quite a number of migrant birds remain in this land
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At KokKarm mud coastline, KokKarm subdistrict, Muang district, Samutsakorn province, we are here to collect soil sample in the area where spoonbilled come for feed
, A8 C% K4 T3 [) oYesterday the research team was here around half past noon and found spoonbilled, so we repeat our collecting in the same area for today and tomorrow, or at least 3 days consecutive
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We are about to collect the soil to identify its preys- l# @- v/ g$ J
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6 _! Y; f  T6 TThe researchers estimated there is more likely that some spoonbilled will come for feeds within these three kilometers along the KokKarm coastline, so he has to keep skating the board to find them
2 Z+ A2 I- F: G: u, |At low tide, mud coastline/ mudflat is cleared, spoonbilled passed thru the area then back again to check the tide level and if the coastline is cleared enough, then they gathering around the area. We still have abundant coastline
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We collected 2 types of soil samples i.e. soil in the feeding area and vice versa
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At PakTalay salt farm – we are here for shorebirds% z( u* V4 B5 h6 i

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, D/ }5 `  b+ ~- k/ NThe second week of March 2011, I’m with Pe Vicha. We’ve met at Kra Island a couple of years ago, he is one of my mentors for birdwatching
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Recent study has identified there are less than 400 spoonbilled left worldwide, international scientists are working on potential breeding sites. They study its migrant route, monitor diminishing populations at several breeding/ wintering sites globally. For Thailand, research expedition has been carried out to its wintering grounds from Cholburi to Petchburi provinces to observe, record and note taken on its behavior, their favourite sites. We conducted a 100 hours study of its behavior, record on a daily basis, breakdown to 15 mins each. This will provide an insight on their foods, food sources, opportunity to find its new sites, to control conditions to minimize disturbance and to work on conservation
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. ]% V& O% \( ~- g0 l7 A/ a: `- KSpoonbilled sandpiper’s breeding origin is in Russia, it migrates down to its main wintering grounds in Bangladesh and Myanmar, a maximum number of 200 sandpipers found in Myanmar. In Thailand there were no more than 20 spoon billed sandpipers found of which 8 were at PakTalay, 3 at KokKarm, totaled of 11 from this area alone. In view of birdwatching tour, Thailand is more convenient than Myanmar as you can find them in salt farm whereas in Myanmar you will have to travel to mud coastline for them. We can also look forward to boosting income distribution here resulted from ecotourism provided that there is a conservation plan in place, a proper operation and management of the tourist areas, etc
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+ N" o$ ^% h7 \. X  ^' p  TPe Vicha: what makes spoonbilled so special is its mystery, ever since he started observing and taking picture of birds till now he has over ten thousands pictures, he never can picture spoonbilled with its prey! Spoonbilled sandpiper’s feeding is different than other birds and it tends to keep its head down, with its bill in the water all the time. It uses their odd bills more like shovels than spoons by sensing and grabbing foods as they pass between that flattened tips of the mandible, straining water out. I hope we can find the way to keep them from extinction
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7.50 am, there are 3 spoonbilled ahead, Tik is approaching as quiet as possible to take picture of them at a close range, he adjusts a focal point as he walks…he’s got it finally& I. D/ d' c7 H% C+ E8 a8 y
NAV Y7 T88 - Award-winning Program: 6 April 11! {7 `" R0 [+ {

" z& V. a5 }; m' h$ U. U“Spoon-billed Sandpiper Research”, salt farm, Hardlane coastline…the inner Gulf" }* g4 F) Z  w/ Z, Y

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1 a: z# a* ~7 i  DLess than 400 of Spoon-billed Sandpipers remain in the wild…some of them are here in front of us… in Thailand…' r" x- X: l2 k5 b, P, j# N
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发表于 2011-4-8 21:12 | 显示全部楼层
这活儿想接,但是不敢接啊,哎,还是先把英语学好,再来做贡献哈
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 22:37 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 edelweissyan 于 2011-4-9 08:33 编辑
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TIK骑着他崭新的Yamaha机车来到了Samutsakorn府、Muang区的KokKharm盐场,6 w  z' s9 q$ X% Y1 K+ ?. T, j8 F
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% f0 l* Q3 m) f2 m6 X, _今天的旅程是跟随海洋和海岸资源研究中心去目标鸟群侍养基地收集土壤样本以便识别鸟类的猎物
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3 L* L% M" n# i, n1 T) L由一个女孩带头开始收集浮游生物,男士们接着测试水/土壤的PH值、含盐量、温度等
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NAVIGATOR团队忍不住加入了他们的行动1 j, H0 j, F( \( _. z& l
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收集区域由地面找到的多毛类生物来决定,收集时保证土壤干净. O! {9 {4 I4 ^* P) c" B
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他们也收集海草,这些海草中居住着一些端足目动物
. S4 O, i/ p- f  L2 y6 M我们在返回中心的途中
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盘内有一些我们先前收集的生物,勺嘴鹬以之为食物。在泥地海岸线地带我们发现一群群多毛类生物(就是我们放在瓶子里这些),但是在盐场我们找到一些片脚。) w/ ]7 h  T. |- m% Y
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粉色瓶内含有蛋白质,它变成这种颜色是因为我们使用了芒果玫瑰类化学物质,但是另外那些正常颜色的瓶子里边只有污垢,它与我们所使用的化学成分不发生反应。2 k/ j) P: a  F% q8 @2 S
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这里的环境依然适宜于水鸟生存,只要森林与红树保持得好,这里将永远适于鸟类生存。该研究中心研究的目标地段是从Petchburi海岸线一直延伸到Cholburi,他们要研究这一地段的环境及生态的方方面面。
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大家好,今天NAVIGATOR个大家呈现的是勺嘴鹬研究组的例行行动。勺嘴鹬稀有动物并且濒临灭绝。。。
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 22:40 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 lily_zl 于 2011-4-8 23:32 编辑
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我们在一大片盐场内,盐场是泰国的独有的一大特色,这里我们找到了勺嘴鹬
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现在是早上6点,当我们做鸟类故事的时候我们也变成了早起的人,在新的一天开始的时候喝一杯Birdy咖啡
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NAVIGATOR团队等待勺嘴鹬已经一整天了,让我们到临近地方看看会不会有新发现。当我们在大海上或者海岸线时,我们可以感觉到强烈的风。。。
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我们参观BaanDonPinDad村庄(位于Petchburi府、BaanLaem区、BangKunsai片区),学习他们如何利用风能带动风车,这也是泰国石油管理局项目“84 Sub-districts On A Sufficient Path”的一个子项目。
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风车项目给社会带来了极大效益
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这些风车能泵水给住在高原地带的人家,尤其实在干旱时期,这使得他们的农场能持续工作和并有收入。
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风车的使用不仅让人们节约汽油、节约电,而且这很环保,因为它遵从绿色的运作方式
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谢谢你给我们展现的美好事物,希望我们有机会再来参观这里,希望会有更多的风车,也许成百架风车
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 22:42 | 显示全部楼层
page 3
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返回PakTalay盐场,到BaanChaiLane(它泰国,也许是世界最有名的鸟类观测地)观察勺嘴鹬。我们留在这里连续观察鸟类,我(TIK)和一个鸟类观察向导呆在一起。
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307号鸟是勺嘴鹬,在152-153
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勺嘴鹬有点像红颈滨鹬,尤其是从侧面看的时候,但是它又一个独特的匙形就像一个勺子。他们繁殖栖息地是盐场、虾场、沿海和毗邻的土地。它属于世界上最快要濒危的鸟类,它们在这里(指的是Baa​​nLaem区、Petchburi府、泰国内湾)过冬。
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寻找勺嘴鹬非常困难,团队队员借助望远镜来寻找它们
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Navigator团队跟随研究小组来到它们的工作基地
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上午10:45,在PakTalay,和P’Dang一起,他他指导的研究项目工作。上次我和他一起去观鸟,并参观了他的家。他是一个赏鸟大师,他5年前开始观鸟,一如既往的观鸟并进行认真研究,如此四年有余。
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 22:45 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 edelweissyan 于 2011-4-9 08:45 编辑
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P’Dang: 今年一月起我开始我的观鸟,昨天我发现5只勺嘴鹬。这个地区发现最多的一次是8只,但我想也许这周边不止8只勺嘴鹬,但我只只关注它们的行为----一次只能观察一只。
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涨潮和退潮也与鸟类相关,因为退潮时勺嘴鹬会来到海岸线的泥地,而涨潮时他们会离开,当然也不是所有勺嘴鹬都这样。
在那里我看到2只勺嘴鹬,也许它们会来到离我们更近的地方
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我们拍到了一些勺嘴鹬的照片,但我们仍想等待更多,现在是早上8:55,多云
世界上的勺嘴鹬总共不超过400只,而且它们的数量急剧下降,濒临灭绝。该物种的急剧下降是由于人类入侵。去年该地区有一只勺嘴鹬留在这里直到今年,所以这里有可能将成为它们的栖息地,所以我们需要找到更多如何拯救他们,否则它有可能成为在2-3年内灭绝。
在每年的这个时候 ---- 三月是它们的繁殖季节,当这些鸟类向北迁徙到了自己的繁殖地,我们现在可以看到它的特点是红褐色,而不是以前的淡棕灰色。
每年三月后,我们看到相当多的候鸟仍然留在这片土地
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KokKarm泥海岸线,KokKarm片区,Muang地区,Samutsakorn府,我们来这里是为了收集勺嘴鹬饲料来源地区的土壤样品
研究小组昨天在这里呆到中午十二时半左右,并发现了勺嘴鹬,所以我们今天、明天,也许连续3天都会重复在这一地区收集。
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我们对收集的土壤,以确定它的食物
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研究人员估计有更多的可能是一些勺嘴鹬会内沿KokKarm海岸线三公里范围内觅食,所以他一直都踩着滑板以便找到它们
退潮时,泥海岸线/泥滩被清除,勺嘴鹬通过该地区,然后再回来检查,如果潮位海岸线清洁干净的话,那么他们周围地区聚集。我们仍然拥有丰富的海岸线
我们收集了2类土壤样本,即喂食区与非喂食区土壤
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PakTalay盐场----我们来这里找水鸟
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20113月第二个星期,我和P’Vicha。几年前我们在克拉岛见过面,他是我的观鸟导师之一
最近的研究发现世界各地的勺嘴鹬不超过400只,国际科学家正在研究潜在的繁殖地点。他们研究的它们的迁徙路线,在全球范围监测该鸟类减少的数量、繁殖/越冬地。泰国,科学考察已经对CholburiPetchburi进行了考察,发现这些地段是它们的越冬地,科学家们记录并注意其行为,观察它们最喜爱地方。我们每天对其行为进行记录,记录100个小时的研究中,每个细分到15分钟。通过这些我们将知道它们的食物,食物来源,有机会的发现适于它们的新地域,对控制条件,以尽量减少干扰,做好生态保护。
勺嘴鹬的繁殖起源于俄罗斯,它迁移至其主要越冬孟加拉国和缅甸,曾在在缅甸发现的最大数量勺嘴鹬(200只)。在泰国有不超过20只勺嘴鹬,其中8只在PakTalay3只在KokKarm,这个地区共计11只。 对于观鸟,泰国比缅甸方便很多,因为在泰国你可以在盐场找到它们,而在缅甸,你将不得不为它们前往泥海岸线。如果这个地区实施生态保护计划,并进行适当的运作和管理的话,我们可以期待这个地区会由于旅游而带来收入。
P’Vicha勺嘴鹬特别之处在于它的神秘面纱,自从他开始观察鸟类的图片,并采取了数万图片到现在的他,他从来没有能够捕捉到勺嘴鹬捕食的照片。勺嘴鹬的吃东西与其它鸟类不同,它往往一直保持低着头,嘴巴一直埋在水里。它使像铲子一样的勺子嘴巴检测并抓到食物,当食物通过平坦的舌尖及下颌时,它就使劲把水挤出。我希望我们能找到办法使它们免临灭绝。
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早上7:50,前边有3勺嘴鹬,Tik尽量悄悄的靠近它们近距离拍摄它们的照片,他调好焦距。。。终于他成功了
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世界上仅剩不到400勺嘴鹬。。。有一些就在我们面前。。。在泰国。。。

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参与人数 1威望 +2 金钱 +10 王国积分 +10 王国爱心 +10 收起 理由
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-4-8 22:47 | 显示全部楼层
今天周末,俺心情好就一并译了吧,截图好像前两天发过了,所以就不再发了
# E, h+ T/ A9 v8 t# G6 `  T7 w) G走了{:415:}
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